Before we delve into the subject, let me give you some incredible information about this plant! Well, yes, Bamboo is flowering. It is permanently evergreen and belongs to Poaceae’s grass family.
Moreover, Bamboo is versatile, strong, renewable, and eco-friendly material. Bamboo is also the fastest-growing woody plant on this planet! Before starting your cultivation, always save some bucks to buy a trolley for whatever tractor you use, Mahindra 475 DI XP Plus or a Mahindra Jivo 245.
Overview Of Bamboo Cultivation
Bamboo is one of India’s commercially cultivated crops known as a poor man’s timber’!
India is the world’s second-largest global producer of Bamboo and sits only after China. Moreover, India’s yearly bamboo production is estimated at around 3.23 million tons.
In Asia, Bamboo is a part of our culture and is often a wood substitute. Although it mainly finds its use in construction, India is fortunate to be blessed with good bamboo resources!
Moreover, in various Inidia parts, bamboo shoots are also consumed as food and considered a good nutrition source. Further, the northeastern states are the major Bamboo producers.
Although there are over 136 species of Bamboo that exist in India, still only a few of them are economically and commercially feasible. Therefore, I recommend using a tractor-trolley if you use Mahindra 475 DI XP Plus to do better with economics and transport mass to the market.
Climate Conditions for Bamboo Cultivation
Bamboo grows fine in warm temperate climates. But it must be noted that it does not require temperature below 15° Celsius in the summers. Moreover, since Bamboo possesses thin roots and ample growth, you must protect it from strong winds.
Also, the area prone to cold winds is not apt for bamboo farming as the winds kill the tips of bamboo leaves.
Soil Requirement for Bamboo Cultivation
You can cultivate Bamboo on a wide range of soil except rock-strewn grounds. The bamboo plantation also requires well-drained sandy soil to clay soil with a ph range of 4.5 to 6.0.
Regarding India, the Barack Valley region is the best place for bamboo cultivation owing to the best soil and climate conditions. Indian farmers are good when incorporating technology. However, Mahindra Jivo 245 leads the market in performing pre-farming activities.
Normally, Bamboo is propagation by the culms cuttings and rhizomes. However, they can also be propagated through the seeds in certain cases. Bamboo seedlings are raised on nursery beds and can grow on poly pots for a year or so. Later the seedling is transplanted into the farm.
Moreover, the rhizome planting method requires a little care. Here, culms of 1 year and roots should be dug and cut into 1-meter sizes and planted during monsoon.
Some Points To Remember:
- Usually, bamboo cultivation is done during monsoon. A pits size of 60×60 must be dug, and pre-grown seedlings should be planted at a space of 5×4 meters.
- The frequency of bamboo plants that can be placed on 1-acre land is approximately 200.
- The gestation period for bamboo planting is 5 years.
- Hence the interspace can be used during the first 3 years to earn extra income by growing intercrops.
Manuring and Fertilization
Use fertilizers for a high-quality yield. This is because manures and fertilizers are important when the seedling is transplanted.
Bamboo plants are heavy feeders and frequently require fertilizers. Remember to use fertilizer after harvesting and previous to rinsing the plants.
Potassium and Nitrogen are vital components for bamboo trees to respond and grow well. Also, apply green manures, organic compost, wood ash and chemical fertigation.
In addition, leaf-biting and sucking insects are common in baby bamboo plants. Hence, use appropriate pesticides to control these pests.
Irrigate your field regularly while the Bamboo is still growing on nursery beds. When transplanting seedlings from the nursery to the farm, immediate water should be applied.
However, it is important to mention that bamboos are sensitive to water logging. Therefore, you must drain out the soil, especially during heavy rainfall or flooding. In addition, I would recommend you employ drip irrigation for better watering.
Harvesting of Bamboo
You can start harvesting your yield from the 5th year onwards. On the other hand, harvesting for commercial purposes must be done from the 6th year.
Hint: The unit cost for one acre of Bamboo is around Rs 9400.
As I mentioned above, harvesting starts from the 6th year onwards. So the yield and income from the bamboo plantation increase each year. To throttle your income, incorporate technologies like Mahindra 475 DI XP Plus; such machines help you to carry bulk products to the nearby market.
Hence, Bamboo is a cash crop with a low gestation period and faster growth and gives recurring economic returns, generation after generation!